Adrianoupoleos 11Α,
    Kolonos, Greece
    +30 210 51 29 504


By dysphagia we describe the difficulties encountered in chewing and swallowing liquid or solid foods as they are transported from the oral cavity to the stomach. Swallowing disorders may occur at various stages of the swallowing process. In the oral phase, in the pharyngeal phase or in the esophageal phase.

Swallowing disorders are usually the result of neurological conditions. Because neurological conditions are more common in the elderly, it is important to understand the effect of age on the swallowing process. In particular, dysphagia may occur when one of the following conditions is met:

  • Breastfeeding problems in infants
  • Cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy
  • Third age (45% of those aged 75 years and above have dysphagia
  • Vascular Stroke (50% of patients show dysphagia after acute A.E.E.)
  • Lesion of the left dominant hemisphere
  • Damage of residual right hemisphere
  • Affecting both hemispheres
  • Ischemic Infarction Episode
  • Insulting Cerebral Pals
  • Dementia
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Spinal Cord Injury
  • Tumors and neoplasms
  • Gastrointestinal disorders, tracheostomy or laryngectomy
  • Feeding with nasogastric tube, gastrostomy, or craniofacial abnormalities (fissures)
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Kinetic Neuron Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Myasthenia gravis

What are the main causes of dysphagia:

  • Breastfeeding problem in infants
  • Cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy
  • Nervous system damage, such as : stroke, brain injury, spinal cord injury
  • Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis

The role of the speech therapist - dysphagologist in a team is to evaluate and identify the patient's ingestion problems. Then adjust the appropriate treatment program to ensure safe and quality food. Diagnostic tests are often required for the swallow mechanism (video-imaging). in order to clarify whether there is dysphagia, at what stage and with what food composition. The speech therapist, the physiotherapist and the occupational therapist will then make the appropriate intervention for the safe feeding of the individual.

Επικοινωνήστε μαζί μας για οποιοδήποτε πρόβλημα του παιδιού σας όπως:

    If there are breastfeeding problems in infants

    If you notice coughing and / or choking during or after consumption of food or liquid

    If there is a mental lag

    If the voice is wet during or after eating food or liquid

    If the person makes a heavy effort and needs more time to chew to swallow

    If there is pain during swallowing and refusal to eat

    If there is leakage of liquid or solid food from the mouth or nose and salivation

    Repeated pneumonia or respiratory infections occur

    If the patient has dehydration and weight loss

    If it is fed with a nasogastric tube, gastrostomy, or if it has craniofacial abnormalities (fissures)